Environmental legislation and public interest in reducing automobile emissions have generated increased efforts to develop and market electrically powered vehicles. But long-distance driving and limited infrastructure for recharging pose serious challenges. What is the industry doing to overcome these limitations? Are electric vehicles a viable solution? On May 18, 2010, the Mineta Transportation Institute (MTI), along with the the U.S. Department of Transportation, Caltrans, and other sponsors and co-sponsors, hosted a panel of experts to address the environmental impact, engineering, and market acceptance of electric vehicles, and the infrastructure needed to keep them viable. Discussion centered around the need for additional infrastructure, consumer requirements, costs, and environmental sustainability.