Hydrocarbon fuels produce gases such as carbon dioxide from combustion processes used in engines. This gas production has influence climate change and these fossil fuels do come from a sustainable source. Fuels like hydrogen non-toxic, clean energy carrier that has high specific energy on a mass basis than fossil fuels. This work proposes to develop a self-sustainable process to produce hydrogen fuels from various solid waste sources including COVID-19 medical wastes. This process will produce a green fuel with minimal impact on climate change, while also producing char which can be used as a sorbent or precursor for the fabrication of carbon electrodes. The physical and chemical properties of H2 fuel in comparison to gasoline and methane show a wide range of flammability. Accordingly, H2 engines can operate more efficiently on extremely lean mixtures than gasoline engines. Application of membrane-based purification process instead of toxic amine-based solvent cleaning would minimize the environmental footprints of this proposed approach. Findings from this effort will provide the initial proof of concept to obtain funds from a larger external sponsor.
California State University, Long Beach
This research effort aims to address the impact of transportation on climate change by investigating a new and sustainable source for clean hydrogen. This project will focus on efficiently producing hydrogen from solid wastes (plastic, COVID-19, and food) via a novel integrated thermochemical conversion-membrane separation approach.
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