Evaluating the Indirect ROI of Transit Agency Training Partnerships with Two-year Colleges

This empirical site-based study documents the outcomes of an established training partnership at a two-year college that offers five registered apprenticeships in transit work. Previous studies have established that transit agencies that develop partnerships to recruit and train workers see a return on their investments. This study aims to calculate the indirect ROI of partnerships with two-year colleges that offer career technical programs in transit work. It determines what benefits these programs hold for students including expedited access to jobs that offer family sustaining wages, acquisition of multi-purpose soft-skills through work-based learning, and work-based opportunities to engage in civic behaviors defined as working with others toward public purposes. Where program benefits take the form of soft skills and civic engagement, the study determines how the program advances those learning outcomes through its curriculum.

Principal Investigator: 
Kathleen F. McConnell
PI Contact Information: 


San Jose State University

July 2023 to June 2024
Impacts/Benefits of Implementation: 

If it is demonstrated that transit training partnerships hold financial and career benefits for students and advance student achievement of core proficiencies, there will be more reason to invest in these transit training programs. More and better funded partnerships will expand opportunities for recruiting the next, diversified generation of transit workers.

Project Number: 



Contact Us

SJSU Research Foundation   210 N. 4th Street, 4th Floor, San Jose, CA 95112    Phone: 408-924-7560   Email: mineta-institute@sjsu.edu