Performance Measures to Assess Resiliency and Efficiency of Transit Systems


Transit agencies are interested in assessing the short-, mid-, and long-term performance of infrastructure with the objective of enhancing resiliency and efficiency. This report addresses three distinct aspects of New Jersey’s Transit System: 1) resiliency of bridge infrastructure, 2) resiliency of public transit systems, and 3) efficiency of transit systems with an emphasis on paratransit service.

This project proposed a conceptual framework to assess the performance and resiliency for bridge structures in a transit network before and after disasters utilizing structural health monitoring (SHM), finite element (FE) modeling and remote sensing using Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR). The public transit systems in NY/NJ were analyzed based on their vulnerability, resiliency, and efficiency in recovery following a major natural disaster.



Hani Nassif is a Professor at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. He established Rutgers’ Bridge Engineering Program, and is currently working in the research area of Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) and Field Testing of Infrastructure facilities with emphasis on railroad as well as highway bridges. Dr. Nassif is also involved in the development of live load models based on Weigh-In-Motion (WIM) truck weight data with the help of his graduate students for the estimation of remaining fatigue life based on field measurements and extreme value theory. He has organized several workshops sponsored by Federal and State agencies on the development of specifications for bridge design, construction, and evaluation. Dr. Nassif was also involved in the pioneering work of code calibration for the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications (1994) as well as the Ontario Highway Bridge Design Code (OHBDC) and the recently completed NCHRP 12-83 project for the calibration of AASHTO’s design of concrete bridges at the Serviceability Limit States.

He is a Fellow of the American Concrete Institute (ACI) and past member of its Technical Activity Committee (TAC) and past President of the New Jersey ACI Chapter. He is active in TRB’s committees, including the Committee on General Structures (AFF10). He received various awards including the AASHTO’s RAC “Sweet Sixteen” Award (2013), NJDOT’s Implementation Award (2013), American Council of Engineering Companies (ACEC) Educator of The Year Award (2006) and the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Central New Jersey’s Educator of The Year Award (2005) for excellence in education and his dedication to student learning. He served as the President of the Rutgers’ Chapter of the Scientific Research Society, Sigma Xi. He is a member of the Engineering Honor Societies Tau Beta Pi and Chi Epsilon. Dr. Nassif has several years of practical experience in the area of structural design and construction.

Prof. Nassif obtained his B.S. and M.E. in Civil Engineering from The University of Detroit in 1981 and 1983, respectively. He received his Ph.D. in Structural Engineering from the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department and a Graduate Certificate in Intelligent Vehicle-Highway Systems (IVHS) from the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) Department of the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor in 1993.


Kaan M.A. Özbay received his B.S. in Civil Engineering in 1988 from Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey, his M.S. in 1991 in Civil Engineering (Transportation) from Virginia Tech, and his Ph.D. in Civil Engineering (Transportation) in 1996. Dr. Ozbay’s research interest in transportation covers advanced technology applications in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), incident management, development of real-time control techniques for traffic, application of artificial intelligence and operations research techniques in network optimization, and development of simulation models for automated highway systems.

Dr. Ozbay joined Rutgers University Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering as an assistant professor in July, 1996. He was promoted to Associate Professor and Professor with tenure in July 2002 and July 2008, respectively. Now he is at New York University.

Dr. Ozbay is the recipient of the prestigious National Science Foundation (NSF) CAREER award. This is a four-year award given to young tenure-track faculty members that have the highest potential for research and education. Dr. Ozbay co-authored a book titled Feedback Based Ramp Metering for Intelligent Transportation Systems which was published by Kluwer Academics in 2004. In addition to this book, he is also the co-author (with Dr. Pushkin Kachroo of Virginia Tech) of two books titled Feedback Control Theory for Dynamic Traffic Assignment (Springer Verlag) and Incident Management for Intelligent Transportation Systems published by Artech House publishers in 1999. Dr. Ozbay published more than 150 refereed papers in scholarly journals and conference proceedings. Professor Ozbay serves as the Associate Editor of Networks and Spatial Economics journal and is a member of the editorial board of the ITS journal. He is also a member of the Member of the Scientific Committee of the World Conference on Transportation Research Society (WCTRS) between 2005 and 2007.


Devajyoti Deka is the Assistant Director of Research at the Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center (VTC), Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, Rutgers University. He assists in the implementation of the center’s overall research program, serves as the principal or co-principal investigator for research studies, and supervises the center’s research staff. Since 1994, he has been involved in numerous transportation research and planning studies, often conducting research using statistical and econometric methods. He worked previously for university planning programs, a leading metropolitan planning organization, and transportation engineering firms. At VTC, he has led a number of research studies as the principal investigator and supervised project managers and research staff for several other studies. His recent publications include topics on the impacts of socioeconomic and demographic changes on transportation, benefits from commuter rail, greenhouse gas emission from transportation, transportation for disadvantaged and disabled populations, paratransit, transit shuttles, bicycling and pedestrian planning, and emergency evacuation. Prior to joining the VTC, he managed projects on regional capital investment policy, regional transportation need and strategy assessment, and environmental justice for the North Jersey Transportation Planning Authority. He began his career as a transportation modeler and spent a year with the Federal Transit Administration as an Eisenhower Research Fellow. He earned a Ph.D. in Planning from the University of Southern California; a master’s degree in Urban Planning from McGill University, Canada; a master’s degree in Regional Planning from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur; and an MA in Economics from Gauhati University, India.


Peng Lou is currently a Research Associate at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. He received his B.S. from Zhejiang University, China in 2010, his M.S. in 2012 and his Ph.D. in 2016 from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. His study interests include Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of bridges, dynamics of bridges, bridge deterioration models, and fatigue of bridges.


Chaekuk Na is a Research Associate at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. He has experience in various topics such as finite element analysis, structural health monitoring, concrete material and field-testing. He obtained his B.S. and M.S. in 2003 and 2005, respectively, followed by a Ph.D. in Civil Engineering from Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) in 2009. He was a visiting scholar at Columbia University, then joined as a research associate at Rutgers University. He is currently working in the research area of Structural Health Monitoring and Field Testing of bridges and Advanced Concrete Materials. He is involved in several bridges on the New Jersey Turnpike to evaluate the structural behavior as well as corrosive behavior for structural resiliency.


Dr. Sandeep Mudigonda is working as a postdoctoral research associate at the University Transportation Research Center (UTRC), Region II at the City University of New York. His current research interests lie in connected vehicle applications and analysis via simulation, statistical analysis of transportation data and visualization, simulation and calibration of large traffic simulation models, and application of calibrated models to intelligent transportation systems. Dr. Mudigonda has performed research sponsored by several state and national agencies. Prior to his appointment at UTRC, he worked as a postdoc at Center for Urban Science and Progress (CUSP) at New York University (NYU). Dr. Mudigonda received PhD and MS degrees in Civil & Environmental Engineering from Rutgers University and a BS from Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, Chennai, India.


Yuan Zhu is a Ph.D. student in the Department of Civil and Urban Engineering at NYU. His research interests include Microscopic and Macroscopic Traffic Simulation, database system, and traffic network study. He received an MS in Computer Science and Transportation Planning and Engineering from NYU.


Ender F. Morgul received his BSc from Bogazici University in Civil Engineering and his MSc from Rutgers University in Civil and Environmental Engineering. He received his PhD from New York University in Transportation Engineering and Planning. His research interests include modeling and predicting driver behavior, transportation economics, and GIS-based transportation data analysis.


Dr. Bekir Bartin is a research scientist at the Civil and Urban Engineering Department at New York University Tandon School of Engineering. His research interests in transportation cover traffic simulation and modeling, incident management, economic evaluation of transportation projects, and collection and statistical analysis of traffic data. Dr. Bartin has been with NYU since 2013. Prior to his current position he was a research associate at Rutgers University from 2006 to 2012. He has served as principal and co-principal investigator on more than twenty research studies, mostly concerning traffic simulation and data collection and analysis.


Ayman Elawar was a former research assistant at the CEE Department at Rutgers University. He received his MS from The University of Michigan in Atmospheric Sciences. His research interests are in Remote Sensing and InSAR Technology.


March 2017


Public transit
disability paratransit service
performance measures